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How to maintain vane pumps

How to maintain rotary vane pumps


The most significant parts of a rotary vane pump when it comes to maintenance are its vanes. As the vanes run against the internal pump chamber walls they will wear over time.

The rate of wear depends upon the following factors:

  • Running speed ie the faster this is the higher the rate of wear.
  • The viscosity of the liquid, the thinner the liquid the quicker the rate of wear will be.
  • How many hours a day does the pump operate.
  • Dry running which will again wear the vanes away.
  • The presence of abrasive particles.
  • Materials of construction of both the vanes and the surfaces they are running against.

Because of the range of parameters the maintenance requirement will never be the same but a scheduled dimensional check of the vanes should always be undertaken.

Many vane pumps are fitted with pressure relief valves these should be checked on a regular basis.

In addition to the above, and depending upon the specific construction, components such as bearings, mechanical seals and electrical performance should always be checked on a regular basis.

Oil Change & Cleaning

Rotary vane pumps use oil in the swept volume, therefore regular oil change is critical in order to keep the pump up and running. It is highly recommended to change oil around every half a year

All rotary vane pumps require regular replacement of wearable parts such as o-rings, gaskets or seals. Without this, the sealing capability of the pump decreases and
the performance of the pump starts dropping. It can be said however, that the interval for Clean & Overhaul is dependent on the size of the pump.

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PD Pumps Team
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